Missouri Schoolwide Positive Behavior Support – Model Overview
The linked file gives a brief overview of the Missouri Schoolwide Positive Behavior Support initiative.
Timeline of Missouri SW-PBS
Schools in Missouri have been implementing SW-PBS for over 10 years. The graphic below outlines how the implementation of this research based intervention has grown in scope and depth. The structure for the timeline was developed based on the work of the National Implementation Research Network report Implementation Research: A Synthesis of the Literature by Fixsen, Naoom, Blase, Friedman and Wallace, 2005.
Map of Missouri SW-PBS Schools
The number of schools in Missouri currently implementing SW-PBS reflects the rapid growth of the initiative across the state and the diversity in the locations and demographics of the schools. Regardless of whether we are supporting a small, rural district or one in a metropolitan area, we are finding SW-PBS to be effective in helping schools to create the kind of proactive social and behavioral environment that supports learning.
(Click here to view a PDF version of this map.)
MO SW-PBS Organizational Chart
Early History of PBS — Late 1980s to Early 1990s
University of Oregon: Drs. Ed Kame’enui, George Sugai, Geoff Colvin and Tim Lewis and colleagues at the University of Oregon begin developing school-wide behavior support systems, sometimes referred to as EBS, in various schools in the northwest U.S. and Canada in association with Project PREPARE. Project PREPARE was aligned with earlier work by Dr. Hill Walker.
Dr. Rob Horner joins in projects associated with EBS, with an emphasis on how it applies to those with more severe developmental disabilities. This research aligned with individual PBS. Dr. Horner’s role increased over time, and he is currently one of the co-directors of the OSEP Center on PBIS with Dr. George Sugai.
1996 – 1999
Dr. Tim Lewis joins the faculty of the University of Missouri Special Education Department. Soon after, he begins a federally funded model-demonstration research project with some of the Columbia, MO public schools (Parkade and Benton).
During the 1997-1998 school year, Dr. Lewis begins consultation with the Special School District in St. Louis, MO. Their first Summer Institute was held in 1998.
In 1999, Dr. Lewis and colleagues (Wayne Sailor, Rod and Anne Turnbull from KU; Glen Dunlap from U of South Florida; George Sugai, Rob Horner, Geoff Colvin and Ed Kame’enui from Oregon; Mike Nelson and Terry Scott from University of Kentucky in conjunction with EDU grant) are the recipients of a national grant through the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP). Funding from this grant establishes the first national SW-PBS Center: the OSEP Center on PBIS, Effective School-wide Interventions — located at the University of Oregon.
1999 – 2007
Missouri state initiative begins during 2000-2001 school year. The Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) local improvement grants (LIGs) are awarded to districts to attend trainings throughout the year and during summer institutes. Staff from the University of Missouri PBS Center provides the trainers for these activities. The staff also works with designated school/district personnel to train them as coaches for their school districts. Research school sites are provided ongoing technical assistance as well as participating in specific research projects in Columbia and St. Louis Special School districts under the direction of Dr. Lewis. He is also the chair of the MU Department of Special Education.
The University of Arizona (Carl Liapsun), University of Florida (Terry Scott), North Carolina at Charlotte (Bob Algozzine), and Connecticut (George Sugai) join as research partners in National PBIS.
The National PBIS Center receives a second 5-year grant from OSEP. U.S. regional resource centers are invited to be a part of the initiative and to provide full-time technical assistance and trainings to schools, districts, states, and nationwide. These include Don Kincaid at South Florida, Susan Barrett at Maryland, Lucille Eber at Illinois, and Carol Massanari at the Mountain Regional Resource Center.
The Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) provides funding for full-time PBS consultants at 6 of the state’s 9 regional professional development centers (RPDCs). The RPDCs are located throughout the state and each works in cooperation with a local branch of the University of Missouri.
Ms. Julia LePage becomes the interim director for Effective Practices through DESE, which includes the state’s SW-PBS initiative.
DESE provides funding for a state coordinator of SW-PBS, as well as funding to increase the number of regional consultants from 6 to 10. Mary Richter, Ph.D., is hired as the state coordinator.
The regional consultants are provided monthly training through modules developed by Lori Newcomer, Ph.D, who also serves as a member of the state’s SW-PBS management and leadership teams.
Dr. Lewis becomes the Associate Dean for Research for the College of Education at MU. He remains actively involved in PBS and the DESE initiative as a member of the state management and leadership teams, as well as an advisor to Missouri SW-PBS.
Linda Bradley, Columbia Public Schools SW-PBS facilitator; Susan Brawley, Heart of Missouri SW-PBS consultant; Nanci Johnson, Columbia Public Schools SW-PBS facilitator; Christine Combs, South Central Missouri SW-PBS consultant; Dr. George Sugai, co-director of the National PBIS Institute; Dr. Lori Newcomer, University of Missouri-St. Louis assistant professor; Dr. Mary Richter, Missouri state coordinator SW-PBS; Julia LePage, Interim Director of Effective Practices, DESE; Lois Jones, Southwest Missouri SW-PBS consultant; Dr. Terry Bigby, Kansas City SW-PBS consultant; Dr. Tim Lewis, associate dean College of Education University of Missouri; Mickey Hughes, St. Louis SW-PBS consultant; Brandi Schumacher, Southeast SW-PBS consultant
2007 – 2008
The Missouri initiative continues to grow. There are over 300 schools currently implementing SW-PBS within approximately 95 school districts. There are now thirteen regional consultants located in 8 regional professional development centers (RPDCs), two state-wide secondary/tertiary level consultants, a state website & data analyst consultant, and a state coordinator. These positions are funded through the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE). The consultants participate in monthly 2 ½ day trainings and meetings to collaborate and to be given technical assistance.
The June, 2008 Summer Institute (SI) was attended by over 800 participants. Nationally and internationally known experts in SW-PBS presented at the SI including Dr. Robert Horner, co-director of the national PBIS center; Dr. Tim Lewis, national partner and director of Missouri University PBS Center, Dr. Lori Newcomer, national and international PBS trainer; Susan Barrett, state director of Maryland PBIS and consultant to the national center; and Dr. Steven Evans, professor at George Mason University and expert in ADHD and children’s mental health issues.
Some of the current goals of MO SW-PBS include development of standardized training modules in alignment with state goals and the national PBIS initiative, analysis of the state database related to long-range initiative planning, upgrading of the website, and outreach activities.
Back Row: Dr. Nanci Johnson Missouri SW-PBS Web Page and Data Consultant; Susan Brawley, Heart of Missouri SW-PBS Consultant; Dr. Terry Bigby, Kansas City SW-PBS Consultant; Brandi Schumacher, Southeast SW-PBS Consultant; Dr. Tim Lewis, College of Education University of Missouri, Professor; Jill Miller, Northeast SW-PBS Consultant; Dr. Mary Richter, Missouri State Coordinator SW-PBS; Lois Jones, Southwest Missouri SW-PBS Consultant; Bob Rethemeyer, Central Missouri SW-PBS Consultant; Dr. Rob Horner, co-director of the National PBIS Institute. Front Row: Linda Bradley, Clinical Associate, University of Missouri-Columbia; Karen Westhoff, St. Louis SW-PBS Consultant; Julia LePage, Director of Effective Practices, DESE; Carol Plumley, Southwest Missouri SW-PBS Consultant; Jo Ann Anderson, South Central Missouri SW-PBS Consultant.
MO SW-PBS now serves over 500 schools across the state. The 13 regional consultants, two Tier 2 consultants, state data/web consultant, state coordinator and MU PBS personnel have made great strides in creating a standardized curriculum for multiple levels and stakeholders. Some portions of the curriculum will be developed as web-based tutorials. Be sure to check this website regularly for updates.
The June, 2009 Summer Institute attendance exceeded 1,300 participants. Training strands for administrators, high schools, elementary schools and middle schools were emphasized. Functional behavioral assessment training, autism awareness, and response to intervention were also included. The Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) awarded recognitions to 134 schools for reaching criteria at bronze, silver and gold level standards.
MO SW-PBS and DESE personnel have collaborated in the creation of a groundbreaking web-based data system the MO SW-PBS State Data Profile. The MO SW-PBS SDP allows schools and districts to look at multiple sets of data in tandem across various performance measures. The MO SW-PBS SDP will support schools in making more informed and comprehensive data-based decisions regarding school improvement in relation to district, state and national indicators.For questions regarding the MO SW-PBS SDP, please contact your regional consultant.
MO SW-PBS personnel continue to hold monthly meetings to: (a) create and revise standardized curriculum, (2) discuss research-based publications to improve training and technical assistance skills, and (3) to determine short and long-range goals for the initiative. Active collaboration with other PBS state initiatives and the national center is ongoing. We have continued to collaborate with other Missouri agencies and initiatives regarding implementation of proactive services across the three tiers. MO SW-PBS is intent on continually upgrading our skills to better serve Missouri schools and districts.